England dating laws
These are if the older person believed the young person to be aged 16 or over and they have not previously been charged with a similar offence, or the age difference is less than two years.
Sexual intercourse (vaginal, anal) and oral sex between young people aged 13–15 are also offences, even if both partners consent.
One of the major European legal systems – Roman law being the other – English law has spread to many other countries, including former English colonies such as the Canada, Australia, and New Zealand.
English law has an evolving history dating from the local customs of the Anglo-Saxons, traces of which survived until 1925.
A possible defence could be that one of the partners believed the other to be aged 16 or over.
Guidance from the Scottish Government acknowledges that not every case of sexual activity in under-16s will have child protection concerns, but young people may still be in need of support in relation to their sexual development and relationships. A range of specific offences protect children under 13, who cannot legally give their consent to any form of sexual activity.
After the Norman Conquest, they grew up side by side with the Saxon shire courts, the feudal courts of the barons and the ecclesiastical (church) courts.
From the King’s council developed the royal courts, presided over by professional judges, which gradually absorbed the jurisdictions (legal powers) of the baronial and ecclesiastical courts.
Flexibility is built into the system by the ability to overrule (usually at a higher level) and to distinguish (one case from another).In the 17th and 18th centuries, common law absorbed the Law Merchant, the international code of mercantile customs.During the 19th century, virtually the whole of English law was reformed by legislation; the number of offences punishable by death, for example, was greatly reduced.A unique feature of English law is the doctrine of judicial precedents, whereby the reported decisions of the courts form a binding source of law for future decisions.A judge is bound by decisions of courts of superior jurisdiction but not by those of inferior courts.