Finkelstein’s father was born in Melitopol (Ukraine). He was in the orange-growing business and was active in the sports organisations of Israel.
He served as vice chairman of the Israel Football Association, chairman of Maccabi Israel and was a member of the Israel Olympic Committee.
In other words, Philistine pottery appears during the last phase of Egyptian rule in Canaan.
Finkelstein proposed that the locally-made Monochrome pottery known from several sites in Philistia, which is widely understood as representing the earliest phase of Philistine settlement, should be dated after the withdrawal of Egypt from Canaan in the 1130s.
He studied archaeology and Near Eastern civilizations, and geography at Tel Aviv University, receiving his BA in 1974. Moshe Kochavi, receiving his MA in 1978 (thesis on Rural Settlement in the Yarkon Basin in the Iron Age and Persian-Hellenistic Periods). Much of his work has been devoted to the Iron Age and, more specifically, to questions related to the history of Ancient Israel.
He graduated as a Ph D in 1983 with a thesis titled "The Izbet Sartah Excavations and the Israelite Settlement in the Hill Country". The classical theories on the emergence of Israel viewed the process as a unique event in the history of the region.
Since 1992, he has been a Full Professor at Tel Aviv University. Others, who originated from local sedentary background, moved to the highlands as a result of the Bronze Age collapse – which in turn was related to a long period of dry climate in ca. Since eventually these groups formed the Northern Kingdom of Israel, they can be labeled "Israelites" as early as their initial settlement process.
In 19, Finkelstein taught at the Department for Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, University of Chicago. The periods between these peaks were characterized by low settlement activity.His parents were Zvi (Grisha) Finkelstein (born 1908) and Miriam Finkelstein (maiden name Ellenhorn, born 1910).His great grandfather on his mother's side, Shlomo Ellenhorn, came to Palestine from Grodno (today in Belarus) in the 1850s and settled in Hebron.He is scheduled to deliver similar lectures at the Tokyo Christian University (2017) and the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome (2017). Until the 1990s, the chronology of the Iron Age in the Levant had been anchored in the biblical account of the great United Monarchy of David and Solomon. 1000 BCE and the Iron IIA was dated from 1000 BCE until the campaign of Pharaoh Sheshonq I (biblical Shishak) ca. The two Iron IIA palaces at Megiddo were conceived as the material manifestation for the Solomonic Empire.Finkelstein has read over 100 papers in international conferences and given numerous talks in universities around the globe. Bunimovitz, Highlands of Many Cultures, The Southern Samaria Survey, The Sites (Monograph Series of the Institute of Archaeology Tel Aviv University 14). ed-Dawwara: An Iron Age Site Northeast of Jerusalem, Tel Aviv 17 (1990), pp. Dhahr Mirzbaneh, 1987: Sounding at the Intermediate Bronze site of Dhahr Mirzbaneh in the desert fringe northeast of Jerusalem. Finkelstein, The Central Hill Country in the Intermediate Bronze Age, Israel Exploration Journal 41 (1991), pp. Megiddo, 1994–present: co-Director, the Megiddo Excavations (1994–2012 with David Ussishkin, since 2014 with Matthew J. While preparing for the excavations at Megiddo in the early 1990s, Finkelstein noticed difficulties in this scheme.