Constitutional and administrative law with updating supplement
The primary sources for administrative law are the are available for free online at FDsys, (coverage begins in the mid-1990s for each source).
Enforcement decisions are published in a variety of case reporting systems -- for instance, the .
In its adjudicatory functions, the agencies often have their own judicial body, known as the Administrative Law Judge, who are part of their respective agency, but must be independent from the agency officials involved in certain action.
The administrative law judges are to adjudicate claims or disputes involving the agency, as an impartial trier of fact and law, and are prohibited by APA from engaging in any ex parte contact with the agency, unless upon notice and opportunities to all parties involved in the proceeding.
Some of the most notable agencies are the executive agencies such as the Department of Justice and Department of Defense, etc.
as well as some independent agencies such as the Federal Trade Commission, Securities and Exchange Commission, and the Environmental Protection Agency, all of which are independent from the direct control of the President.
It is an essential purchase for all who already own the Main Work, and maintains its currency.
These and other limits have been codified, for the most part, into the overall statute known as the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) and state analogs, which provides for the roles and powers of all the agencies, and the procedures by which they must abide by in all their functions. Second, under the Auer deference, courts defer to the agency interpretations of its own ambiguous regulations.
APA categorizes administrative functions into formal and informal rulemaking and adjudication, which have binding effects, as well as guidance, which has no binding effect. Similar to the Chevron deference, the courts have that the agency’s interpretation of its own regulations are binding unless it is plainly erroneous or inconsistent with the regulation.
The can be used to learn about individual federal agencies and are available at the Law Library Reference Desk.
Both of these titles are published annually and include a description of all the executive departments and many independent agencies.